This is a collection of all my diagrams and “StickEnotes” for my Renal Medical Surgical Unit.
Renal Toxic Medication are important to know in practice and NCLEX since the nurse should be aware to monitor for signs and symptoms of toxicity. Primary labs to monitor is BUN and Creatinine- Though High Creatinine(inside the Kidney) is showing you that the problem has become toxic! BUN normal 7-24 Creatinine 0.7-1.4
This is a list of medications that are Nephrotoxic
In this general overview I go over the three types of Acute Kidney Injury to include Pre Renal Failure = Before the Kidney, Intrarenal Failure = Inside the kidney and Post-Renal - After the kidney All of these areas are categorized as AKI or acute kidney injury -It is important to note that Pre Renal and Post Renal can Cause Intrarenal
Pre Renal Failure is cause by problems before the kidney,
If both are high you then look at the Glomerular Filtration Rate-(GFR) the GFR is the actual evaluation of how the kidney is working.
This is different than the GFR in CKD since the condition can resolve itself if the underlying causes of Renal Injury is addressed- (this is covered in the Acute Book) So when there is a decrease of a person GFR it is showing the damage inside the kidney. Also a decision may be made whether they will be put on emergent dialysis or not too. The GFR in CKD never gets better and can only slow the progression through medication sugar control versus AKI where it does.
Potassium is regulated by the kidneys, if not working Potassium is Elevated if the patient is on Diuretics we worry about Low Potassium
The White Sheet from The Med Surg KAMP explaining Anemia and Renal Patients
The White Sheet from Med Surg KAMP going over the complete complications of PD
Pulling it all together High loop Diuretics in one Sheet from Med Surg KAMP
These are the Possible Contraindications of Diuretics
I know the banana spin pot song
Since other diuretics deplete Potassium these do not affect potassium levels
Hi "Ide" Rather Bath Fur than note peeing Ethacrynic Acid you Hear from 8-2PM- Saying to remember Diuretic specifics
Epoetin is usually given to patients on Dialysis it stimulates the production of Red Blood Cells
These are the foods high in Iron that is necessary for Blood production.